Extrinsic factors like grades can absolutely help motivate a student. But the research shows that a student’s intrinsic motivations can be much more persuasive.
Reported by The Chronicle of Higher Education, David Gooblar from the University of Iowa cites the book, How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching for how we can better understand and leverage the three main variables of student motivation: value, expectancies, and environment.
The takeaway? In order to get our students to care, we need to make sure our course goals are aligned with our student’s goals, and that we create a supportive environment that convinces students they are capable of achieving them.
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